The UK's Failed Experiment in Rail Privatization

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Wendover Productions

Prieš 2 mėnesius

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Writing by Sam Denby
Research by Sam Denby and Tristan Purdy
Editing by Alexander Williard
Animation by Josh Sherrington
Sound by Graham Haerther
Thumbnail by Simon Buckmaster
Select footage courtesy the AP Archive
Musicbed SyncID:

pako pepe fdez
pako pepe fdez Prieš 2 dienas
In Spain we are gonna try it, again... XD
Robin Gallagher
Robin Gallagher Prieš 2 dienas
I have to commend you on your coverage of this subject, you’ve put this across in a very clear way in which many large UK media agencies and the government have failed to do for 25 years.
Dominique Hipolito
Dominique Hipolito Prieš 2 dienas
Privatization fails if the private company is completely restricted by the state.
Edoardo Romussi
Edoardo Romussi Prieš 3 dienas
Ok, I’ll be the devil’s advocate here. I live in the UK but I am from Italy. Although the train system here in the UK has lots of faults, it’s nowhere as bad as the Italian one, which is mainly managed by Trenitalia, owned by the government. For instance, in Italy it’s quite common to wait hours for a train (hours, not minutes). In most minor train stations there is not even a system that tells you how late the train will be, there is just a robot voice saying “the train is late, sorry for the inconvenience”, and you’ll have to wait and hope it will take just an hour or two. If you ask to the staff they will tell you they have no clue. Eventually the train arrives (sometimes it just doesn’t turn up), it’s an old 1980s model that has never been refurbished, you walk inside and discover that there are no seating spaces, it’s all full. So you sit down on the floor, trying to bear the smell of sweat and the heat (there is no air conditioning). I think every italian reading this would relate, as this is a common experience to nearly every Italian commuter. Only the main train connecting Milan - Rome - Naples and the touristic areas is good, any other is awful. And this is because there is nearly no competition. So if you are not happy with the service... then go and get a car. There is no other solution. So even if inefficient, expensive and economically faulty, I personally still prefer the British system. Total privatisation may not work, but so does total nationalisation.
Kit Trustram Eve
Kit Trustram Eve Prieš 4 dienas
Grant Schnapps teeheehee
Matt Odell
Matt Odell Prieš 4 dienas
Privatisation never works
Habib Azouk
Habib Azouk Prieš 4 dienas
“Just like cricket, trains and everything British we got there first and now we’re the worst” Jay foreman
Halligali Ratzeputz
Halligali Ratzeputz Prieš 5 dienų
The tories have no idea how to run a country. Vote Labour for economic sense.
Aussie Pom
Aussie Pom Prieš 5 dienų
Having had holidays in the UK I hire a car for the duration of my stay there as taking the trains is just too expensive. Whilst fuel prices are double what they are at home the price of a tank of petrol is far cheaper in the distance it will take me than a rail fare over the same distance. Also a car in the UK can take almost anywhere I want to go, a train cannot due to the severe pruning of the rail network in the 1960's.
Ai o Caralho
Ai o Caralho Prieš 5 dienų
Neo liberal ideology is a complete failure, it doesn't deliver on anything good they say. The reason is obvious, the real objective is to transfer power from those at the bottom to those at the top, this is what it actualy is meant to deliver on.
Naruedyoh Prieš 6 dienų
Today Johnson announce the nationalization of the trains. So we can say this video aged perfectly
Aeroman panoias
Aeroman panoias Prieš 2 dienas
Wait did that happen? I didn't hear that happen
SMIFFY Prieš 6 dienų
Railtrack was so bad it literally cost people their lives. An appaling company run by appalling people who simply had no intention of doing their job.
key2010 Prieš 7 dienų
and now half of Britain is Emirati
Emily Campbell
Emily Campbell Prieš 7 dienų
i live in perth scotland, whenever i need to get to edinburgh or glasgow i dont take the train, i take a coach, it's significantly cheaper and takes about the same amount of time, train fares are exorbitant
AI Totem
AI Totem Prieš 7 dienų
Oh so British people elected a Trump 40 years ago? FFS BRITAIN IS SUCH A SHIT SHOW
still_guns Prieš 8 dienų
Yet there are still people who don't want renationalisation
Transport maniac Alfie
Transport maniac Alfie Prieš 8 dienų
4:24 I swear it went to EWS as well?
alphabetaxenonzzzcat Prieš 9 dienų
I think it perhaps might of been better to combine the track and trains. Split them up like the "Big Four". Something similar to what Japan did. Maybe that would of worked better.
Kris S
Kris S Prieš 9 dienų
When you make magret thatcher look like a socialists you know you’ve gone to far on your quest for a neoliberal distopia.
Adam Bennett
Adam Bennett Prieš 10 dienų
I paid £22 to go to Cardiff and back (1 hour each way). Stupidly priced
firestorm0901 Prieš 10 dienų
But what about Japanese Railways, aren't they successful as all private?
Christoper Koseda
Christoper Koseda Prieš 10 dienų
The government is over regulating the market, makes it much more difficult for the companies to make a profit. Privatise and deregulate, and the free markets will take care of the rest.
Andriy Troyan
Andriy Troyan Prieš 11 dienų
“No one has Fully succeeded privatizing train”. Laughs in Japanese
rusty ray
rusty ray Prieš 11 dienų
Did Thatcher say she didn’t want to lose votes and that was a contributing factor or are you attributing cynical motives to her cause.. politicians gonna politic?
Vince Chadwick
Vince Chadwick Prieš 11 dienų
Fares in UK are high because that's what the government wants. Unlike mainland Europe where governments see rail as a business enabler and so put money into the fare box, Brit politicians want the passenger to pay the full cost. It really is that simple. By the way, anyone who lacks a pair of rose tinted specs or is old enough to remember BR knows first hand it was absolutely awful! Dirty, unreliable, expensive, a declining railway being dismantled by BR (most of that put back under privatisation thankfully now rail is (pre covid) 3 times as busy). Also some here are comparing advance tickets valid for one particular flight with anytime walk-up train fares. Try looking at anytime walk-up air fares!
Brett Sinclaire
Brett Sinclaire Prieš 12 dienų
14:52 Grant Shnopps 😂 😂
Jothi Ranjan
Jothi Ranjan Prieš 12 dienų
Hi Everyone, what's the most cost efficient way to travel around the UK ( Means of transport and sites to book tickets and any other suggestions will be great since I'm new to the UK)
vagoo *
vagoo * Prieš 12 dienų
I can see a great future in EU.
ectoplasm12345 Prieš 12 dienų
Kingussie is pronounced "King-you-see". Its a lovely place and I can reccomend visiting the Highland Folk Museum. It's huge and mostly outside and has these cool old shuttle busses that take you around.
Pahat pahat
Pahat pahat Prieš 13 dienų
I always laughed when the Western reporters keep on suggesting China would soon go bankrupt because her construction of the rail infrastructure does not meet their projection of ROI! And yet, China kept on constructing more HSR as well as the rail freight. Why? I thought it was the West or at least WB which compared the efficiency of a national logistics system by comparing the percentage of the logistics costs against the GDP. China was reportedly spending some 29% of her GDP on transport logistics in the 90s, today this percentage has gone down to 14%. A 15% reduction means the nation had saved Trillions [in US$]! Based on her record, she had been reducing the percentage by 0.4 to 0.6% annually. I believe she is aiming at 8%, the hall mark of the most efficient logistics nations! Let's wait and see.
Jake Prieš 13 dienų
lol the government gives tfl a £6000 bailout of tax money every month. privitisation would stop that haha
Pyrus Prieš 13 dienų
So basically, they tried to keep the good parts of a nationalized rail system and add in the positives of a free market system. Instead they ended up with the negatives of both.
Derpy Bear
Derpy Bear Prieš 14 dienų
This privatisation has really damaged(destroyed) the uk. Most of these sold off goverment ownings are owned by foreign companies. A true disaster.
Rupert Prieš 15 dienų
We found the only way to combat the crazy ticket prices on UK trains if you're a visitor or a local is to get a senior card if eligible or buy a Railcard where two people whose photos are on the card must travel together and you become eligible for discount fares or the last resort book really early. My late father worked for the old BR from 1950 he retired in 1987 he was shocked and dismayed at how one of the worlds great railway networks was flogged off to Tory sleazebags and donors then run into the ground.
ChunChun Prieš 15 dienų
British rail services and train fares are a national disgrace. Often late and expensive.
Ludwig 234
Ludwig 234 Prieš 15 dienų
why does this script sound a lot like the song rasputin?
xirsamoht x
xirsamoht x Prieš 16 dienų
Finally some good news in 2021!
tom affolter
tom affolter Prieš 20 dienų
You think this is bad, try fully privatizing air travel. See how that works, lol.
Jamie Nugent
Jamie Nugent Prieš 21 dieną
Marc Jones
Marc Jones Prieš 21 dieną
A key part of this story is that the newspapers and other media parrot the right wing ideology/narrative that private organisations are intrinsically more efficient than state institutions and services. They conveniently ignore examples such as the military, NASA, and University research.
portagenial Prieš 21 dieną
Concessions are nationalization? That's really not true. It's just another form of privatisation.
5Oblivion Prieš 21 dieną
Why would the government take the operations away from profitable, well-liked public railway operators? Simple: because the Conservative government *hated* the fact that a publicly-owned utility doing well on its own without state support contradicted their neoliberal ideology that all public sector operations were inherently "wasteful" and that private companies were better. Their bitterness and resentment towards East Coast was so great that they deliberately sabotaged a public railway delivering £200m a year to the public purse just to satisfy their own political egoes.
noodled Prieš 21 dieną
Imagine if the UK had bullet trains like Japan, internet like South Korea and free university like Scotland etc.
Ian Prince
Ian Prince Prieš 22 dienas
nowadays state-run organisations are prefixed " your own" so not emphasising that they are state-run
Ethan O. McBride
Ethan O. McBride Prieš 22 dienas
Number 4 Privatize Drive, home of Maggie Potter.
Blaster's Den
Blaster's Den Prieš 22 dienas
If you are looking for a topic "Europe's Failed Experiment in Super League Football(Soccer)" would be good 🤔
Heads Full Of Eyeballs
Heads Full Of Eyeballs Prieš 14 dienų
I mean, it was an experiment by like five football clubs. I don't know if that qualifies as "Europe's experiment".
Siris The Dragon
Siris The Dragon Prieš 22 dienas
Nationalization: 1) You pay your taxes. 2) You get a train that works. Privatization: 1) All the trains get repainted. 2) Everything has to get reorganized. 3) Service is decreased or cut to your area. 4) Tickets are more expensive. 5) The trains are worse. 6) Rail-road jobs are reduced and or pay less. 7) Some rich ass-holes get all the profit. 8) The government somehow has to do even more work. 9) You still pay taxes.
P 4M
P 4M Prieš 23 dienas
Just realised the logo on the thumbnail is on a slant
IsmaGF Prieš 24 dienas
This one is your best video yet. Congrats!
pbice Prieš 24 dienas
The author forgot a country called "Japan", which privatized its railways in 1987.
Heads Full Of Eyeballs
Heads Full Of Eyeballs Prieš 14 dienų
Japanese rail doesn't work like a Western private company, though. AFAIK it doesn't even pay out money to shareholders or anything, all profits are re-invested and the rest goes to the employees as bonuses.
AdvancePlays Prieš 25 dienų
Love the video except the phrasing at 5:04 - it's not a loss, it's an expense. I don't make a "loss" when I buy a train ticket, I exchange a representation of the labour I put into my community for a service, that in turn allows me to continue providing my labour. A publicly run service should operate on the same logic.
Jonathon Greenhow
Jonathon Greenhow Prieš 25 dienų
I swear I dream “Therefore” in his voice. Also… Schapps… what a pronunciation.
Iain Freeman
Iain Freeman Prieš 25 dienų
Mersey rail has tried in the past to get ownership of their rails & infrastructure. Without success mind. They’re the open source pics. They’re quite unique as I believe & definitely has a closed rail system. Not national.
9Blind_Guardian7 Prieš 25 dienų
Now have a look onto Deutsche Bahn.
Benjamin Lambert
Benjamin Lambert Prieš 25 dienų
It's weird hearing someone talk about the railways in the UK and calling them "railroads"
GODsaveTHEcat Prieš 25 dienų
Railways are inherently strategic and monopolistic. It is just no suitable for privatisation.
Hao Huang
Hao Huang Prieš 25 dienų
It would be nice to have a Japan railways video!
Jeremy Gadsden
Jeremy Gadsden Prieš 26 dienų
You're doing God's work here. I start work as a Train Union Industrial Officer soon and appreciate the high level analysis of the fundamental economics affecting the industry. I look forward to more Train Content in the future, hopefully about Australia. We have the longest straight track in the world across the nullabor plain!
mike bird
mike bird Prieš 26 dienų
Scotrail is becoming public again after the Scottish Government have decided to take it over after being robbed by Abellio.
Wreck-It Rolfe
Wreck-It Rolfe Prieš 26 dienų
The railways aren't private.
zdrux Prieš 26 dienų
We're going to privatise the railway and tell the companies exactly how to run "their" railway. Typical government move.
James Wheeler
James Wheeler Prieš 26 dienų
'experiment', how do you think railways were invented and built? private enterprise
298 162
298 162 Prieš 27 dienų
Government-run operation: *Does well* Everyone: Impossible, perhaps the archives are incomplete
Hal Nordmann
Hal Nordmann Prieš 5 dienų
I hate the guys who say that.
Dwight Seufert
Dwight Seufert Prieš 28 dienų
...railways do not operate in a marketplace. They are monopolistic by nature; the British "privatization" was by name only... Brits have the highest fares in Europe with lessor equipment & services, hence renationalization polls VERY favourably amongst the voting public.
Ajinkya Taware
Ajinkya Taware Prieš 28 dienų
Moral of the story is the central planners always get it wrong.
MassDynamic Prieš 28 dienų
the purpose of railways is to provide efficient transportation of people and resources. the goal of the railway should be efficiency and not profit. as long as the rail system is easy to use and is efficient, the money invested in the rail system by the government will be yield much higher returns in the form of a boost in the economy.
Gullivergumba Prieš 28 dienų
Airlines do not have small branch lines which they have to keep afloat; they start their flights from Airport which are usually found close to big cities and end their flights in a similar fashion. As the draw area/sphere of influence of an airport is quite large (as there are only a small amount of them compared to train stations), a decent amount of passenger numbers is secured: people accept to travel longer distances by car or train to use an airport. The last sentence shows the difference between the two and the problem for running railways on a profit: railways are critical and primary infrastructure of regions and countries which are needed to get people conveniently from one place to another every day. In order to make this convenient, the stations need to be close to the people using them - even if it's only a few people that use a certain station. If you start closing those stations or whole branch lines, people will not walk to the next town to board another train - they are forced to use the car anyway so they might as well go the entire distance. Now either the companies start losing money, or they close the lines which weaken peripheral communities even more. The population becomes more car dependent as well which means more road traffic which means higher costs for road infrastructure which usually means more of the taxpayers money being used. Public transport should be a basic service for citizens (it must be in order to be fully efficient). If it is run to create profit, it is no longer a service, because fares rise and many citizens will lose access.
Study London
Study London Prieš 29 dienų
*20% of my salary is spent on traveling within london!*
Zicheng Long
Zicheng Long Prieš 29 dienų
I feel like a similar situation can be applied to just about everything that can be considered a public infrastructure… Public infrastructure almost inherently will make losses somewhere, and thus not align with the goal of a private company. Unless if some company can come up with a revolutionary new technology that can provide that service at a drastically reduced rate or something, that is.
John Doe
John Doe Prieš 29 dienų
In Denmark the Danish State Rail has been running trains without ever making a profit forever. So indicating that if it is just run by the state, it will be better is not always right. The real problem here is that rail is very hard to make profitable, because it is inherently slow, compared to owning your own car.
Get out.
Get out. Prieš 29 dienų
driving a car doesn't generate profits either but no-one seems to have a problem with that :P
Vincent Verschuren
Vincent Verschuren Prieš mėn
12:54 my main point against privatization of essential services.
Bruce V
Bruce V Prieš mėn
I don't understand how long haul intercity bus services can be profitable, but trains, which carry more people, faster, and with less labor, is not profittable.
Bruce V
Bruce V Prieš 14 dienų
@Heads Full Of Eyeballs aren't roads paid for by gas tax?
Heads Full Of Eyeballs
Heads Full Of Eyeballs Prieš 14 dienų
Bus companies don't have to pay for the infrastructure (roads) they use. If road construction and maintenance had to be funded by the people and companies that drive on them, like railways are, driving would get much more expensive.
iambatdan Prieš mėn
I used to live in Japan, where by all accounts the privatisation of JR was a huge success, but I've never been able to find out what if anything they did differently to us in the UK, or why they managed to make it work. I'd love to see a video on that, and you seem to be the man to make that video!
iambatdan Prieš 14 dienų
@Heads Full Of Eyeballs oh really? Thanks for the info!
Heads Full Of Eyeballs
Heads Full Of Eyeballs Prieš 14 dienų
AFAIK Japanese Rail doesn't operate like a Western private corporation. They don't even pay out money to shareholders, all profits are re-invested and the remainder goes to the employees as bonuses.
Nonarei Prieš mėn
I feel this video missed a very important aspect to this fiasco, the years where railtrack (who ran the network infrastructure) massively cutback maintenance of the infrastructure and from 1997 to 2000 led to a series of deadly rail crashes.
gofufu1 Prieš mėn
Some myopic statements. No comparison to the garbage management of BR. No comparative with alternative models. The issue of the pandemic is an opportunist excuse, its more to do with the need to maintain public transport patronage in the face of climate change. Bizarre conclusion that despite increased patronage and customer satisfaction during the privatisation model - its unpopular. A grossly incoherent account of the issues.
Farmer Freakeasy
Farmer Freakeasy Prieš mėn
I very much doubt privatization brought greater passenger numbers itself. This was probably brought about by exponential immigration, a burgeoning population, and the fact that more young Brits don't want to own a car.
Roy W-G
Roy W-G Prieš mėn
Totally forgot BP was once nationally owned.
Fifth Planet Films
Fifth Planet Films Prieš mėn
They're youtube ads on this video...I thought Wendover didn't do that? Something change?
Don M
Don M Prieš mėn
14:06 That is simply false "complete rail privatization was something few countries had even considered-let alone implemented." Been to Japan? The Japanese rail system is mostly private and is the by far the best and busiest in the world.
Don M
Don M Prieš 13 dienų
​@Heads Full Of Eyeballs I am not sure where you got that from. The 24 publicly trade rail companies in Japan have dividend yield of 0.5 - 2.5%. Have a look at ticker 9022 on yahoo finance as an example. There is a youtube video, "Why Japan's Railways Are So Good" by BritMonkey that mostly gets it right regarding privatization differences between UK and JP except for the bit about reinvestment. The reason Japan's rail service is so successful is because they privatized absolutely everything, including the tracks and the land around the tracks as BritMonkey points out
Heads Full Of Eyeballs
Heads Full Of Eyeballs Prieš 14 dienų
AFAIK Japanese Rail doesn't operate like a Western private corporation. They don't even pay out money to shareholders, all profits are re-invested and the remainder goes to the employees as bonuses.
james mitchell
james mitchell Prieš mėn
Overpriced Rail Travel, and Overpaid Rail Staff, the best thing the public can do is work close to home,
Misha Purser
Misha Purser Prieš mėn
It's great to see the trains nationalised again. It was ethically unjustifiable to take them from public ownership and give them to a handful of wealthy capitalists. Public services belong to the people by right.
Brick Life
Brick Life Prieš mėn
lots of new paint
GrowingObsession Prieš mėn
"kingoosie" im dying mate thats not how you pronounce it
apmcd47 Prieš mėn
So passengers are paying higher fares than ever before and the government's subsidies are higher than ever before. And yet the private sector was supposed to be able to do it cheaper than the public sector and make a profit to boot! I've always believed that the original train companies made their profits from freight and the passenger services were a loss-leader. What better proof do you need for the latter?
Josef Huber
Josef Huber Prieš mėn
successful people don't become that way overnight .most people you see as a glance-wealth, a great career, purpose-is the result of hard work and hustle over time. I pray that anyone who reads this will be successful in life..
Khal Ynnoth
Khal Ynnoth Prieš 25 dienų
@Derpeth I see you non-bot, but have you heard about Mr Ceeeeddddrrriiiiiccccc EXPORT investor guy? H3 h45 tripppllleee my monee all you need is Whassuppppp! 'im or fillow on GI!
NoTraceOfSense Prieš 26 dienų
Not again...
Derpeth Prieš 26 dienų
Non-bot commenter passing through
Oni Prieš 27 dienų
nah, alot of rich people are born rich or have the advantages to take the highway while the rest of us need to walk.
Carlos Lious
Carlos Lious Prieš mėn
I base in USA 🇱🇷 and I hear people are making a lot of cash from forex trading
Star Studio
Star Studio Prieš mėn
You see that train that’s runs on road tracks that littrealy run through the whole damn country?WELL I WANT TO OWN IT-Britian trying to privatize the damn railroad
Ian Davis
Ian Davis Prieš mėn
Season ticket for me is £6k to London for the year. Could buy a car every year for that instead of nothing to show for it at the end of the year. Most the time I can’t even get a seat either.
Andrew Darley
Andrew Darley Prieš mėn
It worked at first. There was a massive amount of investment in new stock that probably wouldn't have happened under BR. Also an improvement in the customer facing skills of the staff. It is the government that blew it keeping track and signalling in a quasi-government company enabling pass the parcel when things went wrong. Then as time went on they got too greedy encouraging the rail companies to make impossible bids. The final nail in the coffin came when companies made ambitious service bids that they were unable to deliver because the promised infrastructure improvements failed to materialise. On top of that there is always been a fixed belief in government circles that people who have no practical experience about railways are the best people to run them because they bring a "fresh mind" to the business.
Matias Goinheix
Matias Goinheix Prieš mėn
13:21 where is that?
Model Railway Adventure By Diesel Dave.
Model Railway Adventure By Diesel Dave. Prieš mėn
Great video like it very much.loads of detail.Hope there more.
Wilful Sprite
Wilful Sprite Prieš mėn
It was appalling when it was run by the British State. Filthy, slow, low investment, always late or not turning up at all. Too much concentrating on car ownership and building motorways after WWII.
banquo46 Prieš mėn
I'm old enough to remember (and travel) the old nationalized British rail. My memories are of dirty carriages, late trains, rude staff and …yes those endless strikes!
Andrew Kueterman
Andrew Kueterman Prieš mėn
“Its time to get Britain back on track”. Some speechwriter must have felt terribly clever about that one.
Lewis 1992
Lewis 1992 Prieš mėn
Please stop saying "railroads" instead of "railways", it sounds ridiculous! Otherwise excellent video, thanks! :)
BTN LED Prieš mėn
As someone who has actually worked for the railway for well over 20 years, I can tell you ALL the REAL reasons why the experiment has failed. Its down to the non operational, non experienced, incompetent management structure that was been installed across many companies. Every day I see thousands of £££ wasted !!! All those companies running little parts of the railway network. All working against each other for compensation for late running and their main target in there sights is the tax payer supported Network Rail as well as each other. They are not proper railway companies. They simply have no idea what the hell they are doing. The managers have never been frontline staff and have no understanding of the jobs that they are now recruiting the next generation of staff for. I actually support the system but it is failing BECAUSE of the British way of running a company. We have all seen British retailers as well as other countless well known companies go down the pan in recent years. I call it the British Management disease. Jumped up, incompetent, self important, non operational, and too scared to do a real job of REAL worth and value and have the nerve to think they are actually MORE important in the industry than those who DO !!! and during covid, all working from home (if u can call what they do work !!!
ian Prieš mėn
i can get a £5 single from eastbourne to london next week thats is not expensive
Madame Muffin
Madame Muffin Prieš mėn
God damn milk snatcher
James Limary
James Limary Prieš mėn
This channel is so cool. But when it comes to Hover, there's a flaw. Inciting everybody to use Hover increases the risk of somebody else making my favourite domain name unavailable.
Casey Edison
Casey Edison Prieš mėn
By the way it's not a free market perspective. If you're travelling in a single area you can normally only use 1 provider to get around that area, that's not free market really. Privatization with this much overhead normally doesn't work because it's not allowing for competition. Government ran systems are normally terrible and not as cost effective look at royal mail and compare it to other delivery services (not Hermes) and soon when Stuart is widespread it just won't be able to compete. They are more cost effective and ran much better but that's because it allows for competition. However the UK train system isn't as bad as it's made out to be. Try the German train system. If you think the fair is expensive go to Stockholm, their train systems are amazing best in the world however it's double the price for a ticket.
Omar Onn
Omar Onn Prieš mėn
MALAY SUBTITLES Part 3 of 3 17:10 industri berubah menjadi lebih baik, tetapi apa yang tidak jelas ialah seberapa banyak yang dapat dilakukan 17:15 dikaitkan dengan penswastaan itu sendiri - dan bukannya tumpuan yang semakin meningkat bahawa penswastaan 17:21 dibawa ke rel. Namun, yang jelas adalah bahawa percubaan itu sendiri gagal 17:26 membuktikan ketahanan model francais. Walaupun sentimen masyarakat positif mengenai 17:31 landasan kereta api secara keseluruhan, sebahagian besar masyarakat British menyokong renasionalisasi. 17:38 Oleh itu, ia tidak memulakan kesan domino dari penswastaan kereta api di seluruh Eropah dan 17:43 dunia, ia tidak meyakinkan masyarakat umum mengenai kebaikannya, dan terbukti, yang paling penting, 17:49 bahawa model itu pada dasarnya cacat kerana hanya berfungsi pada masa terbaik, dan 17:54 masa terburuk akan selalu datang. Sementara penswastaan dan pembatalan peraturan 18:00 industri pengangkutan udara, misalnya, pesaing kereta api paling langsung, hampir secara universal 18:05 dilihat sebagai kejayaan yang membawa tambang yang lebih rendah dan pertumbuhan industri ke tahap yang dimiliki oleh kerajaan 18:10 syarikat penerbangan kini sebahagian besarnya merupakan peninggalan zaman kuno, perkara yang sama tidak boleh dikatakan untuk kereta api. Tiada negara 18:16 telah benar-benar mematahkan perkhidmatan kereta api penumpang yang diswastakan sepenuhnya pada abad ke-21. 18:23 Walaupun banyak yang telah mengambil setengah langkah seperti menswastakan barang, rel, memberi konsesi 18:28 kepada pengendali swasta tetapi mengambil risiko kewangan seperti yang dilakukan oleh UK sekarang, atau bahkan melakukan seperti itu 18:33 UK melakukan sebelum ini dan secara efektif menswastakan kereta api sepenuhnya, tidak ada yang melakukan penswastaan 18:38 model cukup berjaya untuk negara-negara lain untuk menirunya secara besar-besaran. Jadi, walaupun UK 18:45 percubaan penswastaan berjaya mencapai beberapa matlamatnya, namun percubaan ini gagal dicapai 18:50 satu: ia gagal meyakinkan masyarakat UK dan dunia bahawa penswastaan kereta api 18:56 adalah jalan terbaik untuk perjalanan kereta api penumpang pada abad ke-21. 19:03 Apa yang membuktikan tahun lalu berulang-ulang kali betapa pentingnya kehadiran digital 19:08 adalah. Mempunyai kehadiran digital yang baik dan bersih hampir sama pentingnya dengan mempunyai 19:14 kehadiran fizikal yang baik dan bersih. Sama ada anda masih bersekolah atau di dunia yang besar dan menakutkan 19:19 pekerjaan, ini masih berlaku dan salah satu kaedah terpantas dan termudah untuk diperbaiki 19:24 kehadiran digital anda adalah dengan domain tersuai dari Hover. Walaupun anda tidak mahu membina 19:29 laman web sebentar tadi, perlu mendapatkannya kerana tiga sebab utama: pertama, anda boleh mengarahkan 19:36 ke LinkedIn, LTlost, Twitter, atau halaman lain, jadi apabila anda membagikannya 19:40 seseorang, itu hanya satu pautan mudah; kedua, anda boleh menyediakan alamat e-mel khusus pada masa itu 19:45 domain, yang hanya kelihatan dan terasa jauh lebih profesional daripada yang berakhir dengan @gmail, 19:49 @yahoo, @icloud atau yang lain; dan ketiga, domain akan hilang setiap minit, 19:54 jadi jika anda mahukan yang sesuai dengan nama anda sendiri, nama syarikat atau yang lain, itu adalah 19:59 patut dapatkan sekarang sebelum hilang. Hover menjadikan semua itu sangat mudah dan cepat, 20:04 mereka membantu anda mencari domain super unik dengan lebih daripada 400 pelanjutannya, harganya adalah 20:09 sangat telus dan adil, dan yang terbaik, anda dapat potongan 10% dan bantu menyokong ini 20:14 saluran dengan pergi ke Oleh itu, profesionalkan kehadiran web anda dan dapatkan 20:20 domain anda sebelum digunakan Potongan 10%, sekali lagi, di
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